Free as in Freedom
Free Culture Movement. Sounds like a throwback hippy term to me. But the ideas behind are looking to the future:
Creative Commons is a well-known website which was started by Lawrence Lessig. It lists licenses that permit free sharing under various conditions, and also offers an online search of various creative-commons-licensed productions.
The free culture movement, with its ethos of free exchange of ideas, is of a whole with the free software movement. Richard Stallman, the founder of theGNU project, and free software activist, advocates free sharing of information. He famously stated that free software means free as in “free speech,” not “free beer.”
In 1998, the United States Congress passed the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act which President Clinton signed into law. The legislation extended copyright protections for twenty additional years, resulting in a total guaranteed copyright term of seventy years after a creator’s death. The bill was heavily lobbied by corporations like Disney, and dubbed as the Mickey Mouse Protection Act. Lawrence Lessig claims copyright is an obstacle to cultural production and technological innovation, and that private interests – as opposed to public good – determine law.
Free Culture: The Nature and Future of Creativity
Lawrence Lessig shows us that while new technologies always lead to new laws, never before have the big cultural monopolists used the fear created by new technologies, specifically the Internet, to shrink the public domain of ideas, even as the same corporations use the same technologies to control more and more what we can and can’t do with culture.
Or torrent of pdf ebook available at ClearBits :
Lessig’s home web site: http://www.lessig.org/